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    Court Mills, St.Stephen in Brannel, Cornwall, England (33 pages)

    Photographs and information about Court Mills.
    Richard Yelland and some of his descendants lived here for over 100 years

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    Court Mills

     

    Court Mills

     

    Court Mills (or Court Mill) is situated roughly midway between the villages of St.Stephen and St.Stephen Coombe. Once part of the Court Manor estate, Court Mills is situated at the bottom of the long, winding lane which descends from St.Stephen to the lovely Coombe valley. It is not itself a village but was once a large works site which housed several water wheels which powered various mills.

    Our interest in Court Mills arose through our family history research and study of the Yelland Family of St. Stephen in Brannel. The 2 workmen's cottages, which are the only surviving original buildings, housed at least 5 generations of Yellands over a 100 year period.

    Like most of the land in St.Stephen, Court Mills was owned until recent times by the Boconnoc Estate. The first mention we have found of Court Mills is from a lease granted to Thomas Truscott dated 1756. There are still Truscotts living at Court Mills today (2013).

     

    THAT WHEREAS the Honourable Thomas Pitt of Boconnack in the County of Cornwall Esquire and Robert Andrews of the parish of Saint George Hanover Square in the County of Middlesex Esquire in and by their Indenture of Lease by them duly executed bearing date the 16th day of November 1756 for the consideration therein expressed DID grant demise lease to farm let to the said Thomas Truscott the Elder ALL those water grist mills commonly called or known by the name of Court Mills and all the land and ground moores and little meadows thereunto belonging or with the same theretofore ? and enjoyed Together with all ways paths waters watercourses Leats By-leats Pools Wares Headwares Easements Emoluments Profits Commodities Advantages and Appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining all which said premises were there to fore in the possession of one Andrew Elvans his tenant or tenants but where then in the possession of the said Thomas Truscott the Elder and situate lying and being in the Parish of Saint Stephens and where part and parcel of the Manor of Brannell.

    This is from a 1773 lease referring to the earlier 1756 lease. This lease was witnessed by Richard Yelland (1740-1823) who was occupying Court Mills in 1799. Richard Yelland entertained John Wesley and gave land to build the Methodist chapel. More information can be found on his page.

     

    1799 Land Tax Redemption Records

    No. of Names of Proprietors Names of Sums Date of

    Register and Tenements Occupiers Assessed Contract

    42563 Lord Camelford - Court Mills Richard Yelland 3 - 0s - 6d 24 June 1799

     

    Richard's son John Yelland (1770-1853) had 20 children from two marriages and it is known he was living at Court Mills at least from the birth of his eighth child in 1806. He and some of his descendants variously lived there until the 1890's. More information can be found on his page.

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    Court Mills Census returns

    1841

    Name Age Occupation

    MARY DABB 25 WIFE OF PAINTER IN LONDON (John's Daughter)

    ALBERT DABB 3

    ALPHONSO DABB 1

    JANE YELLAND 21 MANTUAMAKER (John's Daughter)

     

    Name Age Occupation

    SAMUEL LAWRY 39 MILLER & FARMER

    CHARLOTTE LAWRY 41

    WILLIAM LAWRY 11

    SAMUEL LAWRY 9

    HENRY LAWRY 7

    ELIZABETH LAWRY 5

    ELLEN LAWRY 1

    WILLIAM BOND 18 MALE SERVANT

    CHARLES BOND 16 MALE SERVANT

    FANNY BUNNEY 16 FEMALE SERVANT

    JOHN BUNNEY 11 MALE SERVANT

     

    1851

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    JOHN YELLAND HEAD WID 81 RETIRED FARMER (John & wife)

    ELENOR YELLAND DAU U 41

     

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    RICHARD YELLAND HEAD M 43 MILLER (John's Son)

    ANN E. YELLAND WIFE M 46

    CHARLES YELLAND SON U 12

    ELLEN YELLAND DAU U 10

    ANN E. YELLAND DAU U 8

    WALTER YELLAND SON U 6 SCHOLAR

    JOHN COOMBE SERV U 15 MILLERS SERVANT

    JOSEPH COOMBE SERV U 8 MILLERS SERVANT

     

    1861

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    ELEANOR YELLAND HEAD U 51 HOUSE KEEPER (John's Daughter)

     

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    RICHARD YELLAND HEAD M 52 MILLER (John's Son)

    ANN E. YELLAND WIFE M 56

    ELLEN YELLAND DAU U 20

    ANN E. YELLAND DAU U 18

    WALTER YELLAND SON U 16

    JAMES TRUSCOTT SERV U 25 CARTER

    JAMES HORE SERV U 14 CARTER

     

    1871

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    ANN E. YELLAND HEAD WID 67 ANNUITANT(John's Daughter in law)

     

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    CHARLES YELLAND HEAD M 32 MILLER & FARMER OF 28 ACRES EMPLOYING 1 MAN 1 BOY (John's Grandson)

    CHARLOTTE YELLAND WIFE M 30

    HARRIOTT THOMAS WIFES SIS U 20

    MARY STUTHRIDGE SERV U 23 GENERAL SERVANT

    ALFRED TRUSCOTT SERV U 18 MILLER

    JAMES TRUSCOTT SERV U 30 CARTER

    SAMUEL HONEY SERV U 15 FARM SERVANT INDOOR

     

    1881

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    CHARLES YELLAND HEAD M 42 MILLER & TIMBER MERCHANT FARMING 12 ACRES WITH 2 MEN AND 4 BOYS

    CHARLOTTE YELLAND WIFE M 40

    MARY G. YELLAND DAU U 8 SCHOLAR

    RICHARD R. YELLAND SON U 3

    JULIA Y. SNELL SERV U 15 GENERAL SERVANT DOMESTIC

    JAMES TRUSCOTT SERV U 48 MILLER

    MARSHALL WHETTER SERV U 18 FARM SERVANT INDOOR

    1891

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    CHARLES YELLAND HEAD M 52 MILLER FARMER TIMBER MERCHANT

    CHARLOTTE YELLAND WIFE M 50

    MARY G. YELLAND DAU U 18 PUPIL TEACHER IN BOARD SCHOOL

    RICHARD R. YELLAND SON U 13 SCHOLAR

    FRANCES A. TRUSCOTT SERV U 19 GENERAL SERVANT

     

    1901

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    ROBERT BOXER HEAD M 37 CHINA CLAY LABOURER

    HANNAH BOXER WIFE M 38

    FRANK V. BOXER SON U 7

    REGINALD BOXER SON U 5

    JAMES BOXER SON U 2

    LAURA E. BOXER DAU U 1

     

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    JOSEPH BURT HEAD M 54 AGRICULTURAL LABOURER

    SARAH E. BOXER WIFE M 50

    WILLIAM BOXER SON U 31 LEADING STOKER NAVY

    JAMES BOXER SON U 12

    MARY E. BOXER DAU U 9

     

    1911

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    EDWARD HOCKING HEAD M 50 CARPENTER SAW MILLS

    ELLEN HOCKING WIFE M 48

    CROSBY HOCKING SON U 17 CARTER SAW MILLS

    EUNICE HOCKING DAU U 13 SCHOOL

    WALTER BUCKINGHAM BOARDER U 31 SAWYER SAW MILLS

     

    Name Rel M/U Age Occupation

    GEORGE HORE HEAD M 49 CHINA STONE LABOURER

    SELINA HORE WIFE M 48

    ELIZABETH HORE SON U 23 FARM SEVANT

    WILLIE HORE SON U 19 FARM LABOURER

    JOHN HORE SON U 17 CHINA STONE LABOURER

    ARTHUR HORE SON U 15 FARM LABOURER

    TOM HORE SON U 13 SCHOOL

    MABLE HORE SON U 12 SCHOOL

    FRED HORE SON U 9 SCHOOL

    GEORGE HORE SON U 6 SCHOOL

    CHARLEY HORE SON U 5 SCHOOL

     

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    Many of John's descendants turned out to be very talented.

     

    John's youngest child Francis Yelland (1823-1885) emigrated to USA and was a poet. He had a book of poetry published in 1855 called "The Exiles Lay". Several of the poems refer to his home at Court Mills, but particularly poignant is this farewell to Court Mills. His book of poetry can be found on his page

     

    FAREWELL TO MY NATIVE COT

     

    Slowly, slowly on, my steed,

    While I turn to gaze my last;

    On my lovely, native cot,

    Fading in the distance fast.

     

    Fondly, fondly do I gaze,

    On that cot I so much prize,

    Till its white walls scarce I see,

    Through the tears that dim mine eyes!

     

    Sad, I dash the tear aside,

    And my lingering eyes still rest

    On that fair, enchanted spot,

    Of all others, lov'd the best!

     

    Prized, far more than palaces,

    Is that lovely cot by me,

    Though they may be built in climes,

    Lovely as fair Italy!

     

    But, alas! months, years must roll,

    Ere I pass again that gate!

    And my tears In torrents fall,

    As I ponder on my fate.

     

    Cottage! time and tempest stand!

    Shelter those who in thee dwell!

    Thou art now in distance lost!

    Farewell, cottage, fare ye well !

     

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    John's grandson Raymond Dabb Yelland (1848-1900) emigrated to USA and became a famous Californian landscape painter and was director of the San Francisco School of Design. In 1887 on a trip back to Europe and England, he did a painting of Court Mills. We knew about the painting because we had seen a photograph of a copy painted by his 1st cousin, Ellen (Yelland) Tretheway (1840-1910).

    In 2006 whilst browsing the internet looking for images of his paintings to add to our website, we found the painting of Court Mills for sale in a Californian art gallery. It was listed as "An English House", but of course we recognised it immediately. It was listed at a fraction of the cost of his landscapes, for which he is renowned, and which fetch high prices. It now hangs proudly on our wall, a magnet for John Yelland's descendants! More of his paintings can be found on his page

     

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    John's grandson Alphonso Dabb invented, and had the first U.S. patent for barbed wire. More information can be found on his page.

     

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    John's great-grandson Richard Rowett Yelland (1877-1914) lost a leg when he was age 12. According to his daughter, Mary Yelland Allen (1910-2007), he was kicked in the knee by another boy while at school, the knee turned septic and his lower leg had to be amputated. This was done at his home of Court Mills by 2 doctors, and afterwards the severed limb was buried in the garden!

    To prove he wasn't disabled he cycled to London and back. He later emigrated to USA and became a Methodist Minister. More information can be found on his page.

     

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    John's great great-granddaughter Doris Dabb was a talented New York singer and after marrying Arthur Todd had a couple of records in the top ten record charts in the 1950's as Art & Dotty Todd . These records can be heard on her page.

     

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    John's great great-grandson William Raymond Yelland was a Californian architect who designed many houses in the "story book" style. Some of his designs can be seen on his page.

     

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    Many of John's living descendants in the USA have successful careers as doctors, dentists and lawyers etc.

     

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    There are many descendants of John Yelland living in the USA and several elsewhere. When they come to Cornwall to visit, they like to be photographed at Court Mills, and with our painting!. On the following pages are some of these photos

     

     


    Owner/Source Stu Roberts
    Linked to Doris DABB; William Raymond YELLAND; John YELLAND; Richard YELLAND; Raymond DABB YELLAND; Ellen YELLAND; Francis YELLAND; Richard Rowett YELLAND; George HORE; Charles YELLAND; Richard YELLAND; Mary YELLAND; Eleanor YELLAND; George Thomas YELLAND; Mary Grace YELLAND; Eleanor Hoblyn HODGE; Albert Nicholas DABB; Alphonso DABB; Jane YELLAND; Court Mills, St Stephen-in-Brannel, Cornwall, England
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